How to maintain oral health
oral health is an important part of overall health
1.The World Health Organization ranks oral health as one of the top ten standards for human health. The standard for oral health is “tooth cleansing, no cavities, no pain, normal gum color, no bleeding”.
2.Oral health is closely related to general health. Infections and inflammatory factors in the mouth can cause or aggravate chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes, endanger general health and affect quality of life. Rickets and periodontal disease can damage the hard tissues of the teeth and the supporting tissues around the teeth, which not only affects the functions of chewing, speech, and beauty, but also causes social communication difficulties and psychological barriers. Oral infections in pregnant women are a risk factor for preterm birth and low birth weight in infants.
3.Some systemic diseases may be characterized in the mouth. For example, the anti-infective ability of diabetic patients is reduced, often accompanied by periodontitis, tooth extraction wounds are difficult to heal, AIDS patients will have oral lesions in the early stage, and oral candidiasis and other diseases.
4.Maintaining oral health is an important means of preventing and controlling systemic diseases. Prevention and treatment of systemic diseases is conducive to promoting oral health.
5.There are common risk factors for oral diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as smoking, alcoholism, unreasonable diet, and mental stress.
Oral diseases can be prevented and controlled
1.Rickets and periodontal disease are bacterial infectious diseases. Plaque bacteria and their products are the initiators of rickets and periodontal diseases. Without plaque microorganisms, rickets and periodontal diseases will not occur.
2.Prevention and control of oral diseases requires a combination of personal oral maintenance and professional maintenance. Personal oral maintenance includes effective brushing, balanced diet, rational use of fluoride, regular oral examination, etc. Professional oral maintenance includes topical application of fluoride, pit and fissure closure, and scaling (cleaning).
3.Effective brushing can remove plaque and is the most important method of personal oral maintenance. Adults advocate the use of horizontal twitching brushing, brushing the teeth to cover everything, focusing on the removal of plaque at the edges of the gums and at the teeth, at least 2 minutes each time. Children advocate brushing their teeth with a circular arc. Parents can help children brush their teeth before they can write fluent Arabic numerals (6-7 years old).
4.Rickets and periodontal disease can be prevented and treated, and regular inspection and early prevention are key. Early rickets can control the progression or even cure of rickets by using fluoride and other measures. Early gingivitis can be cured by scaling and effective brushing.
5.Adults are advised to have an oral examination every six months to one year, and children should have an oral examination every three months to six months.
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